In this lesson, the children continue to learn about The Sermon on the Mount. During this portion of the sermon, Jesus teaches "The Lord's Prayer". I feel that it's important that children learn some of the qualities of their Father in Heaven as they are learning to pray to Him. To help the children, I will show them the picture in the circle and ask them how the picture represents God. After listening to their ideas, we will read the scripture on the back of the circle. Does the scripture help them see how the picture is like God? You can find the pictures and scriptures to download here. Print them back to back.
Today we will begin talking with the children about the Sermon on the Mount from Matthew (Luke recounts a similar sermon, but this sermon is given on a plain). As we discussed earlier, Matthew is drawing very purposeful parallels between Moses and Jesus and that continues here. Jesus, like Moses, gives a law to the people on a mountain. Jesus also makes it clear that He is not opposing Biblical law. He insists that law be kept in verses 17-18, and some of the injunctions like "hate your enemy" come from some other source and not Biblical law. In this sermon He is extending and expanding on earlier teachings. This lesson will try to help the children understand some of the things included in the Sermon on the Mount.
Poor In Spirit
Jesus begins the Beatitudes by saying, "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.". According to Dr. Amy-Jill Levine, a professor of New Testament studies, "The poor in spirit, who are not necessarily destitute (cf. Luke 6:20), recognize dependence on each other and on God." (Amy-Jill Levine, "Gospel of Matthew", Women's Bible Commentary, Third Edition. Westminster John Knox Press. 2012. Kindle). Elder Jeffery R. Holland has said that being poor in spirit means we are dependent upon Christ. In his talk, "Broken Things To Mend", he says, "The first words Jesus spoke in His majestic Sermon on the Mount were to the troubled, the discouraged and downhearted. 'Blessed are the poor in spirit,' He said, 'for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.'... I speak to those who are facing personal trials and family struggles, those who endure conflicts fought in the lonely foxholes of the heart, those trying to hold back floodwaters of despair that sometimes wash over us like a tsunami of the soul. I wish to speak particularly to you who feel your lives are broken, seemingly beyond repair. To all such I offer the surest and sweetest remedy that I know. It is found in the clarion call the Savior of the world Himself gave. He said it in the beginning of His ministry, and He said it in the end. He said it to believers, and He said it to those who were not so sure. He said to everyone, whatever their personal problems might be: 'Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.' (Matt. 11:28-29)" (2006 Annual General Conference, Ensign).
To help the children understand what it means to be "poor of spirit" and "yoked to Jesus". We will explain to them that a yoke was designed to hook two oxen together to help them share a load. We will then have each child try to lift a very heavy bag by themselves. After they try on their own, we will put a sturdy bar through the bag (to represent a yoke) and have them try to lift the bag again with an adult lifting one side with them. We will then explain that being "poor of spirit" and "yoked to Jesus" means that we allow Him to help share our load, just like we helped them lift the heavy bag.
The next beatitude states, "Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted." Each of us commits at baptism to mourn with those that mourn and give comfort to those who need comfort. According to Gary E. Stevenson, "Every man, woman, and child in the kingdom of God is a shepherd. No calling is required. From the moment we emerge from the waters of baptism, we are commissioned to this work. We reach out in love to others because it is what our Savior commanded us to do... Whenever our neighbors are in distress temporally or spiritually, we run to their aid. We bear one another's burdens that they may be light. We mourn with those who mourn. We comfort those who stand in need of comfort (Mosiah 18:8-9). The Lord lovingly expects this of us. And the day will come when we will be held accountable for the care we take in ministering to His flock (Matthew 25:31-46)" ("Shepherding Souls". 2018 Semi-Annual General Conference, Ensign).
It is important for children to learn how to be empathetic so that they can comfort those who mourn as Jesus commanded. You can find a great object lesson on practicing empathy, by Tanya Kirschman by clicking here.
Next, Jesus states, "Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth." "To be meek is to restrain one's privilege for the the sake of others." (Amy-Jill Levine, "Gospel of Matthew", Women's Bible Commentary, Third Edition. Westminster John Knox Press. 2012. Kindle). Doris Sertel said in the 1992 Annual General Conference, "We read in Moroni that only the meek and the truly humble are pleasing before God. (See Moroni 7:44). This message is particularly important for us today, because love is beginning to wax cold. We all feel it; the struggle for a testimony, for our marriages and families, and for truth, justice, and chastity is becoming more intense... How important it is to take right then and there the hand that is stretched out and help to find the path again through meekness, humility, and charity--to take by the hand and to look our for each other and to tell them, 'You are important; you too are a child of God.' We are on the same path. Let us follow it together. The Lord expects of us to give and to take and to serve each other, not because it is our duty but because we do it out of love--so that his love for all of us, in and outside the Church, will become alive, and we can feel it and be strong in the unity of sisterhood." ("A Worldwide Sisterhood", Ensign.)
To help illustrate what it means to be meek, I will tell the children that we are going to play a game. I will then get out a basket and a ball and tell the children that the goal of the game is to get the ball in the basket. Then I will sit one child very close to the basket, another one farther away, and another one farther still. How will the children react to this clearly unfair game? Will the person who has been given privilege laugh at those who are farther away from the basket or will they use their position of privilege to help the other children? Many of us are born with privileges that others do not have. That doesn't mean we are bad or that we don't work too, but it means that we start with advantages that others don't get. To be meek and teachable means to listen to the needs of others and to help them. We will then ask the child closest to the basket to demonstrate meekness by listening to the cries of the children behind him or her who are complaining that the game is unfair and to call on that child to meekly find a solution to the problem.
Hunger and thirst for righteousness
Next Christ says, "Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled." This is an easy one for children to understand (I mean, what parent hasn't heard the cry of I'm sooooo hungry from their child) so I won't spend too much time here, except to note that Christ compares Himself to the "bread of life" and "living water" often, indicating that He is the source that will fill our hunger and thirst for righteousness.
Jesus's next statement is "Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy." Elder Deiter Uchdorf said, "Of course, these words seem perfectly reasonable--when applied to someone else. We can so clearly and esily see the harmful results that come when others judge and hold grudges. And we certainly don't like it when people judge us. But when it comes to our own prejudices and grievances, we too often justfy ouranger as righteous and our judgment as reliable and only appropriate. Though we cannot look into another's heart, we assume that we know a bad motive or even a bad person when we see one. We make exceptions when it comes to our own bitterness because we feel that, in our case, we have all the information we need to hold someone else in contempt... This topic of judging others could actually be taught in a two-word sermon. When it comes to hating, gossiping, ignoring, ridiculing, holding grudges, or wanting to cause harm, please apply the following: Stop it!" (The Merciful Obtain Mercy, 2012 Annual General Conference, Ensign).
You can find an awesome lesson about the importance of mercy here.
Pure In heart & Peacemakers
Jesus continues by saying "Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God...Ye are the salt of the earth...Ye are the light of the world. For an example of a woman who lived these traits, I will tell the children the story of Marie Fox Felt, found here.
This week our family will be studying the John chapters 2-4. In these chapters, John tells us about the very first miracle that Jesus performs during his mortal ministry. For his first miracle, Jesus helps his mother by turning water into wine at a wedding in Cana. "The miracle that Jesus performs is appropriate to the personal setting of the wedding. Turning water into wine is an act of turning scarcity into abundance, of repaying the initial hospitality offered him. Jesus' first miracle in John takes place in the presence of friends and family, not in the presence of powers and authorities. This opening to Jesus' ministry shows that the miraculous life-giving power of God is at work even (and perhaps, especially) in the intimate daily places of human lives. It also is a miracle of pure abundance and grace--nothing life-threatening was at stake here, as will be the case in many of Jesus' healing miracles. This miracle illustrates the celebration of the prologue, 'from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace'" (O'Day, Gail R.Women's Bible Commentary, Third Edition. Westminster John Knox Press. 2012. Kindle). I think it is incredibly beautiful that Jesus performs a miracle for His mother in this way, and I think it shows that we can share the concerns of our daily life with Him because nothing is too mundane for Him. The miracle also shows that Jesus performs these kinds of miracles in His own way and in His own time. As He tells His mother in verse 4, "mine hour is not yet come." Just like Jesus mother, who told the servants after this response, "Whatsoever he saith unto you do it" trusting that Jesus would act to help her in the best way, we too can trust him to answer our prayers. As Howard W. Hunter said in 1961:
"There are some who ask why the Church is concerned with temporal affairs. The Church is interested in the welfare of each of its members. This interest therefore cannot be limited to man's spiritual needsalone but extends to every phase of his life. Social and economic needs are important to everyone. Man also has need for physical, mental, and moral guidance. Our lives cannot be one-sided, nor can we separate the spiritual from the temporal. The Lord has said:
'Wherefore, verily I say unto you that all things unto me are spiritual, and not at any time have I given unto you a law which was temporal; neither any man, nor the children of men; neither Adam, your father, whom I created. Behold, I gave unto him that he should be an agent unto himself; and I gave unto him commandment, but no temporalcommandment gave I unto him, for my commandments are spiritual; they are not natural nor temporal neither carnal nor sensual' D&C 29:34-35" (Keep God's Commandments Now).
To illustrate this further, we will share with the children times that we have asked Heavenly Father for help with mundane things, like a test at school, and how He has answered us in an individualized way.
After discussing this miracle, we will talk about His visit with the Samaritan woman at the well. Like John the Baptist, Andrew, and Phillip in the first chapter of John, the Samaritan woman shows us how to be an apostle of Christ. She listens to Jesus, testifies of His mission, shares her testimony with her friends, and brings them to Christ. "To witness to Jesus--to see Jesus and tell others about that experience--is one of the primary marks of discipleship in John" (O'Day, Gail R.Women's Bible Commentary, Third Edition. Westminster John Knox Press. 2012. Kindle). According to Carole M. Stephens, First Counselor in the Relief Society General Presidency, "She had received a witness--she had begun to partake of the living water--and she desired to witness of His divinity to others." (The Master Healer, 2016). To illustrate this point, the children will sequence a series of pictures, showing how all of these people were disciples of Christ. You can download the worksheet here.
This lesson covers Matthew 4 and Luke 4-5. The first portion of these chapters deals with the temptations of Christ. I've decided not to focus on this portion of the lesson because I don't feel that teaching about Satan is developmentally appropriate for young children. They are in the process of learning important concepts about self control, appropriate social behaviors, and navigating complicated emotions. Introducing the concept of an evil entity that can tempt them to do wrong is frightening to them. My oldest used to have a hard time sleeping after he would have primary lessons about Satan because he was so scared. This is why I'm skipping this part of the lesson and starting with Jesus's introduction of His ministry through reading Isaiah. The children and I will read Luke 4:18-19 and talk about the things Jesus proclaimed He had come to do. We will write the things that Jesus came to do on cards. Then I will tell them about how Jesus called His disciples to follow Him and become "fishers of men". I will lay out fish cards with picture on them on the floor. You can download the fish here. You can also use the fish in the Primary Come Follow Me to add to this lesson. I will attach a magnet to a string and place a paper clip on each fish. That way the children can go "fishing" for the pictures. After the children choose a fish, we will decide how the picture matches the ministry of Jesus and place it under the cards we made earlier.
This week's lesson in the "Come Follow Me" manual is entitled "Prepare Ye the Way of the Lord". For this lesson I've focused a lot on the portion of the lesson that deals with repentance and how baptism cleanses us from sin. It would be doctrinally incorrect to tell a young child that baptism will cleanse them of sin as we believe that young children are without sin, but it is such a powerful thing for young children to know that they are capable of changing. In educational circles this is known as growth mindset, or the knowledge that we are capable of growth and change, and that the way we are now does not determine how we will always be. Our brains are remarkable things and can grow new pathways as we have new learning experiences. This is an important lesson for children who can sometimes feel that their behaviors or their skills are permanent and self defining. To help the children internalize this, I will lay out two sets of cards, one showing negative behaviors and one showing positive behaviors (it is important to let the children know that it is the behaviors that are negative, not the children). The children will choose a positive behavior and place it on top of the negative behaviors, showing how it is possible to change. You can download a copy of the game here.
I've thought a lot about this lesson, as it introduces my favorite Gospel, the Gospel of John. John takes his readers on a theological journey detailing, not just what Jesus did, but why what Jesus did matters to us. I had a hard time wrapping my head around how to present this lesson to young children, but the more I've thought about the idea of the incarnation that is present in John 1 (the idea that Jesus became flesh and dwelt among us) the more it seemed that a dance lesson would be the perfect fit.
I will be taking a lot of inspiration from Emily Caruso Parnell's dance lesson on the teaching channel, so if you need more clarification on anything I'm discussing, it might be helpful to watch it.
I will start out the lesson by telling the students that before the Earth was created we all lived in Heaven with our Heavenly Father and Heavenly Mother. Jesus helped to create the Earth. In the Gospel of John Jesus is called "The Word". Then I will tell them that I am going to read them some of the things the scriptures tell us about our lives in Heaven before the world was made, but first, I am going to write down some of the words they will hear. I will then list the following words:
After discussing the genealogy (and perhaps discussing how our own ancestors have shaped who we are), we will turn to the account in Luke 1:26-38 where the angel Gabriel appears to Mary. I will use the following images as puppets while summarizing the story, and then let the children color them afterwards.
While telling the story, I will let the children know that Mary could have been as young as 12 years old when the angel appeared to her and that that angelic appearance startled her. According to Camille Fronk Olson, "Only two other accounts of an angel appearing to a woman are recorded in the Bible, and both times the visit was to announce that the woman would soon give birth to a son. The first of these recorded appearances was to Hagar, the mother of Ishmael (Gen. 16:7-11); the second was to the mother of Samson (Judg 13:3). In other words, Jewish girls in Mary's day did not likely anticipate such angelic communications" (Women of the New Testament. Deseret Book. 2014. Print).
We know that as a descendant of King David and as a member of the priestly line (we know this because of her relationship to Elizabeth) Mary was able to provide Jesus with both kingly and priestly authority on Earth. She must have been very brave to take on this responsibility, knowing that having a child without an earthy father would make her life difficult, in fact, when Jesus speaks to some Jewish leaders in John 8:39 they retort, "We are not illegitimate children." In spite of this, Mary took on the responsibility of giving birth to the Savior and raising him through childhood with the faithful response, "Here am I, the servant of the Lord; let it be with me according to your word." She then becomes pregnant. Interestingly, Mary conceives Jesus through the "Holy Spirit", which is a feminine noun in the original Hebrew (Women's Bible Commentary, Third Edition. Westminster John Knox Press. 2012. Kindle).
While Luke discusses the Savior's birth through Mary's perspective, Matthew tells us Joseph's. In Matthew 1:18-25 an unnamed angel appears to Joseph in a dream after he discovers that she is pregnant with a child that is not his. Joseph's response to this is to divorce Mary quietly (a Jewish engagement was considered as binding as a marriage) but his kindness towards Mary did not go so far as to marry her until an angel intervened. I wonder sometimes if Mary told him about her angelic visit or kept it to herself. And if she did tell him, why did it take an angel's visit for him to believe her? Was he like Thomas, to whom Jesus later said, "because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed." (John 20:29)
Alternatively, Amber Richardson suggests on the podcast Q.MORE (hosted by Rosemary Card) that since we are usually given revelation after pondering and questioning, did Joseph hear Mary's story and then, struck by the grandeur of it, did he return home to ponder it in his heart? Was his angelic visit the result of pleading to heaven on the part of his betrothed?
Whatever the circumstances, Joseph obeys the angel, marries Mary and becomes Jesus's legal father here on Earth. He also becomes Jesus's protector when he flees with his new family to Egypt.
After consenting to become the mother of the Savior, Mary travels to visit her cousin Elisabeth in Luke 1:39-56. Elisabeth is also pregnant through miraculous circumstances, as she is long past her child bearing years. As soon as Mary enters the house, Elizabeth bears witness of her testimony of her role as the mother of the Messiah. "Interestingly, Elizabeth blessed Mary not because of motherhood, but because she "believed" (Luke 1:45). She first blessed Mary and only secondly blessed the sacred 'fruit of [her] womb' (Luke 1:42). For Elisabeth, Mary had been chosen by God for a unique mission that would bless the whole world. Later Jesus used a similar description for the ideal disciple--one who hears the word of God, believes, and acts upon it (Luke 8:21)" (Olson, Camille F. Women of the New Testament. Deseret Book. 2014. Print)
After Elisabeth's testimony, Mary gives a prophesy, known as Mary's Magnificat, which follows a tradition of women in the Old Testament who prophesy of Jesus through song. There is Hannah's prayer in 1 Samuel 2:1-10, Miriam's Song in Exodus 15: 19-20, and Deborah's song in Judges 5:1-31. The text of the Magnificat in the NSRV goes like this:
My soul magnifies the Lord,
and my spirit rejoices in God my
for he has looked with favor on the
lowliness of his servant.
Surely, from now on all generations will
call me blessed;
for the Mighty One has done great things
and holy is his name.
His mercy is for those who fear him
from generation to generation.
He has shown strength with his arm;
he has scattered the proud in the
thoughts of their hearts.
He has brought down the powerful from
and lifted up the lowly;
he has filled the hungry with good
and sent the rich away empty.
He has helped his servant Israel,
in remembrance of his mercy,
according to the promise he made to our
to Abraham and to his descendants
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You can introduce your children to some child friendly versions of the Magnificat. I'll be using the last song, which is available from Slugs and Bugs Family Christmas. There is also a song from The New Era called And Mary Pondered that is available here and includes a portion of both Mary and Elisabeth's testimonies.
Before the Savior was even born, his mother, legal father, and his cousin Elisabeth fulfilled his command to "come follow me" by acting upon their unique personal revelations and testifying to others of his coming divine role. When we follow Him today, we are following their example.
Ideas For Sunbeams
I think the very easiest way to condense this lesson for very young children would be to tell them that Heavenly Father and Heavenly Mother knew that Jesus would need someone to take care of Him on Earth and so they gave Him Joseph and Mary. The children could then share who it is that takes care of them (grandparents, parents, foster parents, guardians, etc.) and draw a picture of those special people. You can download the coloring page here.